## Shortcut percentages 50% 25% 75% - VALBEC

Minus a percentage in a formula Excel Tips & Solutions. So letвЂ™s build the algorithm with the above pattern keeping in mind. Before building the common formula, I shall show what the formulas will be for the cells A8 and A14 and then will modify the formula to make it common for all., 24/03/2017В В· Percentage, Percent Change, Percent Increase, Percent of Total Formulas - Google Sheets Tutorial - Duration: 18:54. Learn Google Spreadsheets 7,245 views.

### Basic Excel formulas & functions with examples

How to Make FOR LOOP in Excel Using Formulas. The formulas of each of the calculations used in our percentage calculator can be seen by clicking the question mark, ?, next to each calculation. A video tutorial on using our calculator as well as a walk through of the calculations and formulas is shown here: Percentage Calculator Tutorial ., Description. The Microsoft Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a set of values as a percentage of the set. The PERCENTRANK function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Statistical Function..

Is there an Excel formula to convert percentage to a ratio? Or a free online calculator to convert a percentage to a ratio format? What is the excel formula to subtract a percentage from another value that is not fixed? What is the formula to calculate flat rate in Excel? What is the Excel formula to calculate a fixed deposit? Ask New Question. Danielle O'Connell, Spreadsheet designer and 16/03/2012В В· I am trying to enter cost and sell price and the outcome be the gross profit percentage I am making. A1 = $100 (Cost) B1 = $150 (Sell) C1 = 33.33%

Microsoft Excel is a tool which allows you to calculate numeric and alphanumeric numbers through a calculation sheet. This data is shown in cells, which are usually distributed in a two-dimensional shape of columns and rows. a percentage of the figure we started with (in this case 10): (5 / 10) x 100 = 0.5 x 100 = 50 This gives us the answer вЂ“ there is a 50% increase from 10 to 15.

The formulas of each of the calculations used in our percentage calculator can be seen by clicking the question mark, ?, next to each calculation. A video tutorial on using our calculator as well as a walk through of the calculations and formulas is shown here: Percentage Calculator Tutorial . Description. The Microsoft Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a set of values as a percentage of the set. The PERCENTRANK function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Statistical Function.

16/03/2012В В· I am trying to enter cost and sell price and the outcome be the gross profit percentage I am making. A1 = $100 (Cost) B1 = $150 (Sell) C1 = 33.33% Calculate discount price with formula in Excel If you have lists of data about the original prices and discount rate in a worksheet, and you can do as follow to calculate the sales prices.

So letвЂ™s build the algorithm with the above pattern keeping in mind. Before building the common formula, I shall show what the formulas will be for the cells A8 and A14 and then will modify the formula to make it common for all. The formulas of each of the calculations used in our percentage calculator can be seen by clicking the question mark, ?, next to each calculation. A video tutorial on using our calculator as well as a walk through of the calculations and formulas is shown here: Percentage Calculator Tutorial .

To write an increase or decrease as a percentage, use the formula actual increase or decrease original cost Г— 100%. 5. Calculating percentages using a calculator Here is a warning about using the percentage button on a calculator: the result depends on when you press the % button in your calculation. Sometimes it has no eп¬Ђect, sometimes it seems to divide by 100, and at other times it In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, this is a Math and trigonometry function. FLOOR.MATH function Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

Percent Formula Rate * Base = Part % of Something is Something Examples: Tax Rate * Price of Item = Tax Paid Rate < 100% 5.00% * $10.00 = $0.50 Part < Base Sometimes it is easier to show percentage decrease as a negative number вЂ“ to do this follow the formula above to calculate percentage increase вЂ“ your answer will be a negative number if there was a decrease. In DylanвЂ™s case the decrease works out at -15.5. -10.5 Г· 45.5 = -0.23. -0.23 Г— 100 = -23%.

Incentives, prizes, samples and more Formula: = RANDBETWEEN (1, ____) The formula will draw a random number between the numbers you indicate a percentage of the figure we started with (in this case 10): (5 / 10) x 100 = 0.5 x 100 = 50 This gives us the answer вЂ“ there is a 50% increase from 10 to 15.

### Excel Percentage Formulas For Dummies WordPress.com

Calculating Percentage Changes in Excel YouTube. Basic Percent Formulas Basic Percent Formula PA 100 B How to find the Base? The Base usually comes directly after the word вЂњofвЂќ The Base is usually the вЂњTotal NumberвЂќ, Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet Ebook Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet currently available at www.plinth.co for review only, if you need complete ebook Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet please.

### Calculate Percentages Formula & Overview Study.com

Percentage Change Percentage Increase and Decrease. The formulas of each of the calculations used in our percentage calculator can be seen by clicking the question mark, ?, next to each calculation. A video tutorial on using our calculator as well as a walk through of the calculations and formulas is shown here: Percentage Calculator Tutorial . Microsoft Excel is a tool which allows you to calculate numeric and alphanumeric numbers through a calculation sheet. This data is shown in cells, which are usually distributed in a two-dimensional shape of columns and rows..

15/08/2014В В· Excel Questions; Minus a percentage in a formula; Become a Registered Member (free) to remove the ads that appear in thread area. Click here to reset your password. You MUST have a valid e-mail address so that you may receive the instructions to complete the reset. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the Board FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you a percentage of the figure we started with (in this case 10): (5 / 10) x 100 = 0.5 x 100 = 50 This gives us the answer вЂ“ there is a 50% increase from 10 to 15.

It is a selection of the most popular MS Excel formulas with examples, grouped by categories. Excel percentage formula. How to calculate percentage in Excel - a few examples of percentage formula for Excel such as calculating percentage of total, calculating percent change (percentage increase formula), formula to calculate amount and total by percentage, and more. Compound interest formula вЂ¦ Sometimes it is easier to show percentage decrease as a negative number вЂ“ to do this follow the formula above to calculate percentage increase вЂ“ your answer will be a negative number if there was a decrease. In DylanвЂ™s case the decrease works out at -15.5. -10.5 Г· 45.5 = -0.23. -0.23 Г— 100 = -23%.

Percent Formula Rate * Base = Part % of Something is Something Examples: Tax Rate * Price of Item = Tax Paid Rate < 100% 5.00% * $10.00 = $0.50 Part < Base Incentives, prizes, samples and more Formula: = RANDBETWEEN (1, ____) The formula will draw a random number between the numbers you indicate

8/04/2015В В· Many of us fell in love with Excel as we delved into its deep and sophisticated formula features. Because there are multiple ways to get results, вЂ¦ 16/03/2012В В· I am trying to enter cost and sell price and the outcome be the gross profit percentage I am making. A1 = $100 (Cost) B1 = $150 (Sell) C1 = 33.33%

But with Excel, you set up a formula using the cell addresses вЂ“ not the actual numbers. So in So in this case, the Arizona Diamondbacks 2005 payroll is in cell C3 and their 2006 payroll is in D 3 . Is there an Excel formula to convert percentage to a ratio? Or a free online calculator to convert a percentage to a ratio format? What is the excel formula to subtract a percentage from another value that is not fixed? What is the formula to calculate flat rate in Excel? What is the Excel formula to calculate a fixed deposit? Ask New Question. Danielle O'Connell, Spreadsheet designer and

8. Format the Percentages with NO DECIMALS! 9. Create OUTSIDE BORDERS around all of your cells where you have entered formulas 10. Save your work in your Excel folder Chapter 11 as Review_Ex.1_yourname Is there an Excel formula to convert percentage to a ratio? Or a free online calculator to convert a percentage to a ratio format? What is the excel formula to subtract a percentage from another value that is not fixed? What is the formula to calculate flat rate in Excel? What is the Excel formula to calculate a fixed deposit? Ask New Question. Danielle O'Connell, Spreadsheet designer and

In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, this is a Math and trigonometry function. FLOOR.MATH function Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance Percent Formula Rate * Base = Part % of Something is Something Examples: Tax Rate * Price of Item = Tax Paid Rate < 100% 5.00% * $10.00 = $0.50 Part < Base

8/04/2015В В· Many of us fell in love with Excel as we delved into its deep and sophisticated formula features. Because there are multiple ways to get results, вЂ¦ 8. Format the Percentages with NO DECIMALS! 9. Create OUTSIDE BORDERS around all of your cells where you have entered formulas 10. Save your work in your Excel folder Chapter 11 as Review_Ex.1_yourname

## Calculating percentages in Excel 2010 2013 2016 YouTube

How to calculate discount rate or price in Excel?. Excel. Formulas are mathematical equations used to perform calculations in an Excel worksheet or workbook. Functions are predefined formulas that perform calculations in an Excel worksheet or workbook. Both need to be written in a specific way, which is called the syntax, in order to calculate properly. Both also need at least one argument, which on the most basic level identifies the values, Excel. Formulas are mathematical equations used to perform calculations in an Excel worksheet or workbook. Functions are predefined formulas that perform calculations in an Excel worksheet or workbook. Both need to be written in a specific way, which is called the syntax, in order to calculate properly. Both also need at least one argument, which on the most basic level identifies the values.

### Calculating Percent Increase and Decrease Tree of Math

Calculating percentages in Excel 2010 2013 2016 YouTube. Excel Percentage Formulas For Dummies Learn a quick way to calculate percentage in Excel. Formula examples for calculating percentage change, percent of total, increase / вЂ¦, The % Work Complete fields contain the current status of a task, resource, or assignment, expressed as the percentage of work that has been completed. You can enter percent work complete, or you can have Project calculate it for you based on actual work on the task. There are several categories of.

Description. The Microsoft Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a set of values as a percentage of the set. The PERCENTRANK function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Statistical Function. Calculate discount price with formula in Excel If you have lists of data about the original prices and discount rate in a worksheet, and you can do as follow to calculate the sales prices.

8. Format the Percentages with NO DECIMALS! 9. Create OUTSIDE BORDERS around all of your cells where you have entered formulas 10. Save your work in your Excel folder Chapter 11 as Review_Ex.1_yourname 15/08/2014В В· Excel Questions; Minus a percentage in a formula; Become a Registered Member (free) to remove the ads that appear in thread area. Click here to reset your password. You MUST have a valid e-mail address so that you may receive the instructions to complete the reset. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the Board FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you

8. Format the Percentages with NO DECIMALS! 9. Create OUTSIDE BORDERS around all of your cells where you have entered formulas 10. Save your work in your Excel folder Chapter 11 as Review_Ex.1_yourname So letвЂ™s build the algorithm with the above pattern keeping in mind. Before building the common formula, I shall show what the formulas will be for the cells A8 and A14 and then will modify the formula to make it common for all.

How to calculate letter grade in Excel? To assign letter grade for each student based on their scores may be a common task for a teacher, for example, I have a grading scale defined where the score below 60 is an F, 60 to 70 is a D, 70 to 80 is a C, 80 to 90 is a B, and 90 to 100 is an A. Excel Percentage Formulas For Dummies Learn a quick way to calculate percentage in Excel. Formula examples for calculating percentage change, percent of total, increase / вЂ¦

Description. The Microsoft Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a set of values as a percentage of the set. The PERCENTRANK function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Statistical Function. In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, this is a Math and trigonometry function. FLOOR.MATH function Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

Calculate discount price with formula in Excel If you have lists of data about the original prices and discount rate in a worksheet, and you can do as follow to calculate the sales prices. 8/04/2015В В· Many of us fell in love with Excel as we delved into its deep and sophisticated formula features. Because there are multiple ways to get results, вЂ¦

A value returned from this formula is a percentage and often appears as a fraction. If the percent change is greater than 100, the value will be greater than 1 (or greater than вЂ“1 for a loss of more than 100 percent). A value returned from this formula is a percentage and often appears as a fraction. If the percent change is greater than 100, the value will be greater than 1 (or greater than вЂ“1 for a loss of more than 100 percent).

Quick reference guide 8 excel 2013 for windows keyboard shortcut keys for software training, contact the computer training center (ctc) at 358-1111 or visit the... Percent Formula Rate * Base = Part % of Something is Something Examples: Tax Rate * Price of Item = Tax Paid Rate < 100% 5.00% * $10.00 = $0.50 Part < Base

Excel Percentage Formulas For Dummies Learn a quick way to calculate percentage in Excel. Formula examples for calculating percentage change, percent of total, increase / вЂ¦ Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet Ebook Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet currently available at www.plinth.co for review only, if you need complete ebook Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet please

Sometimes it is easier to show percentage decrease as a negative number вЂ“ to do this follow the formula above to calculate percentage increase вЂ“ your answer will be a negative number if there was a decrease. In DylanвЂ™s case the decrease works out at -15.5. -10.5 Г· 45.5 = -0.23. -0.23 Г— 100 = -23%. Excel. Formulas are mathematical equations used to perform calculations in an Excel worksheet or workbook. Functions are predefined formulas that perform calculations in an Excel worksheet or workbook. Both need to be written in a specific way, which is called the syntax, in order to calculate properly. Both also need at least one argument, which on the most basic level identifies the values

Calculate discount price with formula in Excel If you have lists of data about the original prices and discount rate in a worksheet, and you can do as follow to calculate the sales prices. the power to do shortcut percentage calculations without formulas. This activity ideally follows the Matching Percentages activity. Skills and Knowledge

Sometimes it is easier to show percentage decrease as a negative number вЂ“ to do this follow the formula above to calculate percentage increase вЂ“ your answer will be a negative number if there was a decrease. In DylanвЂ™s case the decrease works out at -15.5. -10.5 Г· 45.5 = -0.23. -0.23 Г— 100 = -23%. To write an increase or decrease as a percentage, use the formula actual increase or decrease original cost Г— 100%. 5. Calculating percentages using a calculator Here is a warning about using the percentage button on a calculator: the result depends on when you press the % button in your calculation. Sometimes it has no eп¬Ђect, sometimes it seems to divide by 100, and at other times it

The % Work Complete fields contain the current status of a task, resource, or assignment, expressed as the percentage of work that has been completed. You can enter percent work complete, or you can have Project calculate it for you based on actual work on the task. There are several categories of A value returned from this formula is a percentage and often appears as a fraction. If the percent change is greater than 100, the value will be greater than 1 (or greater than вЂ“1 for a loss of more than 100 percent).

How to calculate letter grade in Excel? To assign letter grade for each student based on their scores may be a common task for a teacher, for example, I have a grading scale defined where the score below 60 is an F, 60 to 70 is a D, 70 to 80 is a C, 80 to 90 is a B, and 90 to 100 is an A. 24/03/2017В В· Percentage, Percent Change, Percent Increase, Percent of Total Formulas - Google Sheets Tutorial - Duration: 18:54. Learn Google Spreadsheets 7,245 views

In Excel 2007 and Excel 2010, this is a Math and trigonometry function. FLOOR.MATH function Math and trigonometry: Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance 8/04/2015В В· Many of us fell in love with Excel as we delved into its deep and sophisticated formula features. Because there are multiple ways to get results, вЂ¦

3/03/2013В В· How to calculate percentages in Excel. Learn how to represent data effectively for reports etc. This tutorial applies to calculating percentages in Excel 2016, 2013, 2010 and even 2007. For more 8. Format the Percentages with NO DECIMALS! 9. Create OUTSIDE BORDERS around all of your cells where you have entered formulas 10. Save your work in your Excel folder Chapter 11 as Review_Ex.1_yourname

a percentage of the figure we started with (in this case 10): (5 / 10) x 100 = 0.5 x 100 = 50 This gives us the answer вЂ“ there is a 50% increase from 10 to 15. Sometimes it is easier to show percentage decrease as a negative number вЂ“ to do this follow the formula above to calculate percentage increase вЂ“ your answer will be a negative number if there was a decrease. In DylanвЂ™s case the decrease works out at -15.5. -10.5 Г· 45.5 = -0.23. -0.23 Г— 100 = -23%.

### Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet plinth.co

Calculate Percentages Formula & Overview Study.com. The formulas of each of the calculations used in our percentage calculator can be seen by clicking the question mark, ?, next to each calculation. A video tutorial on using our calculator as well as a walk through of the calculations and formulas is shown here: Percentage Calculator Tutorial ., To write an increase or decrease as a percentage, use the formula actual increase or decrease original cost Г— 100%. 5. Calculating percentages using a calculator Here is a warning about using the percentage button on a calculator: the result depends on when you press the % button in your calculation. Sometimes it has no eп¬Ђect, sometimes it seems to divide by 100, and at other times it.

### Using Excel to Calculate Percent Change dummies

Basic Excel formulas & functions with examples. The % Work Complete fields contain the current status of a task, resource, or assignment, expressed as the percentage of work that has been completed. You can enter percent work complete, or you can have Project calculate it for you based on actual work on the task. There are several categories of 8. Format the Percentages with NO DECIMALS! 9. Create OUTSIDE BORDERS around all of your cells where you have entered formulas 10. Save your work in your Excel folder Chapter 11 as Review_Ex.1_yourname.

Description. The Microsoft Excel PERCENTRANK function returns the rank of a value in a set of values as a percentage of the set. The PERCENTRANK function is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Statistical Function. 3/03/2013В В· How to calculate percentages in Excel. Learn how to represent data effectively for reports etc. This tutorial applies to calculating percentages in Excel 2016, 2013, 2010 and even 2007. For more

Excel Cell References Worth Remembering. In Excel formulas, you can refer to other cells either relatively or absolutely. When you copy and paste a formula in Excel, how you create the references within the formula tells Excel what to change in the formula it pastes. Excel. Formulas are mathematical equations used to perform calculations in an Excel worksheet or workbook. Functions are predefined formulas that perform calculations in an Excel worksheet or workbook. Both need to be written in a specific way, which is called the syntax, in order to calculate properly. Both also need at least one argument, which on the most basic level identifies the values

How to calculate letter grade in Excel? To assign letter grade for each student based on their scores may be a common task for a teacher, for example, I have a grading scale defined where the score below 60 is an F, 60 to 70 is a D, 70 to 80 is a C, 80 to 90 is a B, and 90 to 100 is an A. Use a formula with an absolute cell reference to calculate the assign1 % and assign2 %. Use functions to display the average. 8. this is the assign1% added to the assign2% divided by 2 вЂ“ beware of BEDMAS! 5. save and print.

Incentives, prizes, samples and more Formula: = RANDBETWEEN (1, ____) The formula will draw a random number between the numbers you indicate It is a selection of the most popular MS Excel formulas with examples, grouped by categories. Excel percentage formula. How to calculate percentage in Excel - a few examples of percentage formula for Excel such as calculating percentage of total, calculating percent change (percentage increase formula), formula to calculate amount and total by percentage, and more. Compound interest formula вЂ¦

Is there an Excel formula to convert percentage to a ratio? Or a free online calculator to convert a percentage to a ratio format? What is the excel formula to subtract a percentage from another value that is not fixed? What is the formula to calculate flat rate in Excel? What is the Excel formula to calculate a fixed deposit? Ask New Question. Danielle O'Connell, Spreadsheet designer and Is there an Excel formula to convert percentage to a ratio? Or a free online calculator to convert a percentage to a ratio format? What is the excel formula to subtract a percentage from another value that is not fixed? What is the formula to calculate flat rate in Excel? What is the Excel formula to calculate a fixed deposit? Ask New Question. Danielle O'Connell, Spreadsheet designer and

Sometimes it is easier to show percentage decrease as a negative number вЂ“ to do this follow the formula above to calculate percentage increase вЂ“ your answer will be a negative number if there was a decrease. In DylanвЂ™s case the decrease works out at -15.5. -10.5 Г· 45.5 = -0.23. -0.23 Г— 100 = -23%. Sometimes it is easier to show percentage decrease as a negative number вЂ“ to do this follow the formula above to calculate percentage increase вЂ“ your answer will be a negative number if there was a decrease. In DylanвЂ™s case the decrease works out at -15.5. -10.5 Г· 45.5 = -0.23. -0.23 Г— 100 = -23%.

Quick reference guide 8 excel 2013 for windows keyboard shortcut keys for software training, contact the computer training center (ctc) at 358-1111 or visit the... Quick reference guide 8 excel 2013 for windows keyboard shortcut keys for software training, contact the computer training center (ctc) at 358-1111 or visit the...

Incentives, prizes, samples and more Formula: = RANDBETWEEN (1, ____) The formula will draw a random number between the numbers you indicate the power to do shortcut percentage calculations without formulas. This activity ideally follows the Matching Percentages activity. Skills and Knowledge

So letвЂ™s build the algorithm with the above pattern keeping in mind. Before building the common formula, I shall show what the formulas will be for the cells A8 and A14 and then will modify the formula to make it common for all. Is there an Excel formula to convert percentage to a ratio? Or a free online calculator to convert a percentage to a ratio format? What is the excel formula to subtract a percentage from another value that is not fixed? What is the formula to calculate flat rate in Excel? What is the Excel formula to calculate a fixed deposit? Ask New Question. Danielle O'Connell, Spreadsheet designer and

Quick reference guide 8 excel 2013 for windows keyboard shortcut keys for software training, contact the computer training center (ctc) at 358-1111 or visit the... 15/08/2014В В· Excel Questions; Minus a percentage in a formula; Become a Registered Member (free) to remove the ads that appear in thread area. Click here to reset your password. You MUST have a valid e-mail address so that you may receive the instructions to complete the reset. If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the Board FAQ by clicking the link above. You may have to register before you

The formulas of each of the calculations used in our percentage calculator can be seen by clicking the question mark, ?, next to each calculation. A video tutorial on using our calculator as well as a walk through of the calculations and formulas is shown here: Percentage Calculator Tutorial . the power to do shortcut percentage calculations without formulas. This activity ideally follows the Matching Percentages activity. Skills and Knowledge

The % Work Complete fields contain the current status of a task, resource, or assignment, expressed as the percentage of work that has been completed. You can enter percent work complete, or you can have Project calculate it for you based on actual work on the task. There are several categories of Calculate discount price with formula in Excel If you have lists of data about the original prices and discount rate in a worksheet, and you can do as follow to calculate the sales prices.

the power to do shortcut percentage calculations without formulas. This activity ideally follows the Matching Percentages activity. Skills and Knowledge When a quantity grows (gets bigger), then we can compute its PERCENT INCREASE. When a quantity shrinks (gets smaller), then we can compute its PERCENT DECREASE.

Quick reference guide 8 excel 2013 for windows keyboard shortcut keys for software training, contact the computer training center (ctc) at 358-1111 or visit the... But with Excel, you set up a formula using the cell addresses вЂ“ not the actual numbers. So in So in this case, the Arizona Diamondbacks 2005 payroll is in cell C3 and their 2006 payroll is in D 3 .

To write an increase or decrease as a percentage, use the formula actual increase or decrease original cost Г— 100%. 5. Calculating percentages using a calculator Here is a warning about using the percentage button on a calculator: the result depends on when you press the % button in your calculation. Sometimes it has no eп¬Ђect, sometimes it seems to divide by 100, and at other times it Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet Ebook Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet currently available at www.plinth.co for review only, if you need complete ebook Excel Percentage Formulas Sheet please

a percentage of the figure we started with (in this case 10): (5 / 10) x 100 = 0.5 x 100 = 50 This gives us the answer вЂ“ there is a 50% increase from 10 to 15. a percentage of the figure we started with (in this case 10): (5 / 10) x 100 = 0.5 x 100 = 50 This gives us the answer вЂ“ there is a 50% increase from 10 to 15.

But with Excel, you set up a formula using the cell addresses вЂ“ not the actual numbers. So in So in this case, the Arizona Diamondbacks 2005 payroll is in cell C3 and their 2006 payroll is in D 3 . Is there an Excel formula to convert percentage to a ratio? Or a free online calculator to convert a percentage to a ratio format? What is the excel formula to subtract a percentage from another value that is not fixed? What is the formula to calculate flat rate in Excel? What is the Excel formula to calculate a fixed deposit? Ask New Question. Danielle O'Connell, Spreadsheet designer and

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